Cite this paper:
Jixing DONG, Yanmin GUO, Pinhua XIA, Yuanbin TIAN, Feifei ZHENG, Anyan LI, Tao LIN, Ruiwen LI. Lake regime shift from submerged macrophyte to phytoplankton affected phosphorus speciation in sediment and eutrophic state in Caohai Lake, Guizhou, China[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2023, 41(6): 2262-2275

Lake regime shift from submerged macrophyte to phytoplankton affected phosphorus speciation in sediment and eutrophic state in Caohai Lake, Guizhou, China

Jixing DONG1, Yanmin GUO2, Pinhua XIA1, Yuanbin TIAN1, Feifei ZHENG1, Anyan LI1, Tao LIN1, Ruiwen LI2
1 Guizhou Province Key Laboratory for Information System of Mountainous Areas and Protection of Ecological Environment, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China;
2 Yangtze River Basin Ecological Environment Monitoring and Scientific Research Center, Yangtze River Basin Ecological Environment Supervision and Administration Bureau, Ministry of Ecological Environment, Wuhan 430010, China
To understand the effect of regime shift in Caohai Lake in Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, SW China from submerged macrophyte dominance to phytoplankton dominance on the specification and distribution of phosphorus and on ecological and environmental states, changes in phosphorus specification in the sediments and water were studied. The form, composition, and distribution of phosphorus in sediment were sampled in July 2020 (before regime shift) and July 2021 (after regime shift) were analyzed. Results reveal that phosphorus content in sediment was lower than that those of Erhai Lake and Dianchi Lake, Yunnan, SW China, on the same plateau, and was lower than those of Taihu Lake, Chaohu Lake, and Poyang Lake in the middle-lower Changjiang (Yangtze) River Plain. Organic phosphorus (Or-P) was the main form (up to 60%), followed by inactive phosphorus (Ina-P), and the active phosphorus (Act-P), the least, which is opposite to those of Taihu Lake and Poyang Lake in the middle-lower Changjiang River Plain in the eastern China. Or-P content was high, indicating a high potential risk of phosphorous release. After the regime shift, the total phosphorus in sediment decreased from 0.87±0.13 to 0.70±0.13 g/kg. The proportion of Or-P and Act-P decreased from 68.23% to 65.32% and from 5.35% to 4.69%, respectively. In contrast, the proportion of Ina-P increased from 26.42% to 29.99%. The Moran’s I index revealed that the heterogeneity of the spatial distributions of the total phosphorus (S-TP) and Act-P in the sediments before regime shift was significant (P<0.1). However, the heterogeneity of the spatial distributions of S-TP and the various forms of phosphorus after regime shift was not significant (P>0.05). The regime shift aggravated the eutrophication of the lake, the trophic level index (TLI) increased from 48.42 to 54.49 (P<0.01), and the previously mesotrophic lake became a mildly eutrophic lake. The results of this study revealed the impact of regime shift in the lake from submerged macrophyte dominance to phytoplankton dominance on the composition and spatial distribution of phosphorus in sediments and provided a basis for the restoration of eutrophicated and aquatic ecosystem degraded lakes.
Key words:    Caohai Lake    sediment    phosphorus specification    regime shift   
Received: 2022-07-04   Revised:
PDF (2817 KB) Free
Print this page
Add to favorites
Email this article to others
Articles by Jixing DONG
Articles by Yanmin GUO
Articles by Pinhua XIA
Articles by Yuanbin TIAN
Articles by Feifei ZHENG
Articles by Anyan LI
Articles by Tao LIN
Articles by Ruiwen LI
Adachi M, Kanno T, Okamoto R et al.2003.Population structure of Alexandrium (Dinophyceae) cyst formation-promoting bacteria in Hiroshima Bay, Japan.Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69(11):6560-6568,
Ahlgren J, Reitzel K, Danielsson R et al.2006.Biogenic phosphorus in oligotrophic mountain lake sediments:differences in composition measured with NMR spectroscopy.Water Research, 40(20):3705-3712,
Bao S D.2000.Soil and Agricultural Chemistry Analysis.3rd edn.China Agriculture Press, Beijing.638p.(in Chinese)
Barik S K, Bramha S N, Mohanty A K et al.2016.Sequential extraction of different forms of phosphorus in the surface sediments of Chilika Lake.Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 9(2):135,
Bastami K D, Hamzepoor A, Raeisi H et al.2021.Biogenic silica, eutrophication risk and different forms of phosphorus in surface sediments of Anzali wetland, Caspian Sea.Marine Pollution Bulletin, 173:113138,
Chao J Y, Zhang Y M, Kong M et al.2017.Long-term moderate wind induced sediment resuspension meeting phosphorus demand of phytoplankton in the large shallow eutrophic Lake Taihu.PLoS One, 12(3):e0173477,
Chen M S, Ding S M, Chen X et al.2018.Mechanisms driving phosphorus release during algal blooms based on hourly changes in iron and phosphorus concentrations in sediments.Water Research, 133:153-164,
Chen Q Y, Ni Z K, Wang S R et al.2020.Climate change and human activities reduced the burial efficiency of nitrogen and phosphorus in sediment from Dianchi Lake, China.Journal of Cleaner Production, 274:122839,
Cheng X L, Huang Y N, Pu X C et al.2018.Spatial and seasonal distribution and transportation of different forms of phosphorus in the middle reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River.Water, 10(12):1858,
Cyr H, McCabe S K, Nürnberg G K.2009.Phosphorus sorption experiments and the potential for internal phosphorus loading in littoral areas of a stratified lake.Water Research, 43(6):1654-1666,
Dai Y R, Cheng S P, Liang W et al.2015.Submerged macrophyte Ceratophyllum demersum affects phosphorus exchange at the sediment-water interface.Water Science&Technology, 71(6):913-921,
Dehbi A, Omari H, Lammini A et al.2019.Spatial distribution study of phosphorus forms in lake sediment.Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 12(9):302,
Duras J, Hejzlar J.2001.The effect of outflow depth on phosphorus retention in a small, hypertrophic temperate reservoirwith short hydraulic residence time.International Review of Hydrobiology, 86(6):585-601,<585::AID-IROH585>3.0.CO;2-H.
GB3838-2002.2002.Environmental quality standards for surface water.State Environmental Protection Administration, 13-060, Chinese)
Genkai-Kato M.2007.Regime shifts:catastrophic responses of ecosystems to human impacts.Ecological Research, 22(2):214-219,
Genkai-Kato M, Carpenter S R.2005.Eutrophication due to phosphorus recycling in relation to lake morphometry, temperature, and macrophytes.Ecology, 86(1):210-219,
Hao J C, Lian B, Liu H F et al.2016.The release of phosphorus from sediment to lake water induced by cyanobacterial blooms and phosphorus removal by cell harvesting.Geomicrobiology Journal, 33(3-4):347-353,
Hemond H F, Lin K.2010.Nitrate suppresses internal phosphorus loading in an eutrophic lake.Water Research, 44(12):3645-3650,
Horppila J, Nurminen L.2003.Effects of submerged macrophytes on sediment resuspension and internal phosphorus loading in Lake Hiidenvesi (southern Finland).Water Research, 37(18):4468-4474,
Jäger C G, Diehl S.2014.Resource competition across habitat boundaries:asymmetric interactions between benthic and pelagic producers.Ecological Monographs, 84(2):287-302,
Jensen M, Liu Z W, Zhang X F et al.2017.The effect of biomanipulation on phosphorus exchange between sediment and water in shallow, tropical Huizhou West Lake, China.Limnologica, 63:65-73,
Jiang C H, Wu D, Hu J W et al.2011.Application of chemical fractionation and X-ray powder diffraction to study phosphorus speciation in sediments from Lake Hongfeng, China.Chinese Science Bulletin, 56(20):2098-2108,
Jiao Y, Yang C, He W et al.2018.The spatial distribution of phosphorus and their correlations in surface sediments and pore water in Lake Chaohu, China.Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25(26):25906-25915,
Klamt A M, Hilt S, Moros M et al.2019.The effect of a shift from macrophyte to phytoplankton dominance on phosphorus forms and burial in the sediments of a shallow hard-water lake.Biogeochemistry, 143(3):371-385,
Kristensen P, Søndergaard M, Jeppesen E.1992.Resuspension in a shallow eutrophic lake.Hydrobiologia, 228(1):101-109,
Leivuori M, Niemistö L.1995.Sedimentation of trace metals in the Gulf of Bothnia.Chemosphere, 31(8):3839-3856,
Li E H, Li W, Liu G H et al.2008.The effect of different submerged macrophyte species and biomass on sediment resuspension in a shallow freshwater lake.Aquatic Botany, 88(2):121-126,
Li X D, Xie Q, Chen S H et al.2019a.Inactivation of phosphorus in the sediment of the Lake Taihu by lanthanum modified zeolite using laboratory studies.Environmental Pollution, 247:9-17,
Li X L, Guo M L, Duan X D et al.2019b.Distribution of organic phosphorus species in sediment profiles of shallow lakes and its effect on photo-release of phosphate during sediment resuspension.Environment International, 130:104916,
Li Y, Wang L G, Chao C X et al.2021.Submerged macrophytes successfully restored a subtropical aquacultural lake by controlling its internal phosphorus loading.Environmental Pollution, 268:115949,
Liu W B, Wang S R, Zhang L et al.2015.Phosphorus release characteristics of sediments in Erhai Lake and their impact on water quality.Environmental Earth Sciences, 74(5):3753-3766,
Liu Z W, Zhang X F, Chen F Z et al.2020.The responses of the benthic-pelagic coupling to eutrophication and regime shifts in shallow lakes:implication for lake restoration.Journal of Lake Sciences, 32(1):1-10, Chinese with English abstract)
Lu D L, Huang X R, Yang B et al.2021.Composition and distributions of nitrogen and phosphorus and assessment of eutrophication status in the Maowei Sea.Journal of Ocean University of China, 20(2):361-371,
Luo J H, Pu R L, Duan H T et al.2020.Evaluating the influences of harvesting activity and eutrophication on loss of aquatic vegetations in Taihu Lake, China.International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 87:102038,
Madsen T V, Cedergreen N.2002.Sources of nutrients to rooted submerged macrophytes growing in a nutrient-rich stream.Freshwater Biology, 47(2):283-291,
Ni Z K, Wang S R, Zhang L et al.2015.Role of hydrological conditions on organic phosphorus forms and their availability in sediments from Poyang Lake, China.Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22(13):10116-10129,
Phillips G, Willby N, Moss B.2016.Submerged macrophyte decline in shallow lakes:what have we learnt in the last forty years? Aquatic Botany, 135:37-45,
Pu J, Ni Z K, Wang S R.2020.Characteristics of bioavailable phosphorus in sediment and potential environmental risks in Poyang Lake:the largest freshwater lake in China.Ecological Indicators, 115:106409,
Reitzel K, Ahlgren J, DeBrabandere H et al.2007.Degradation rates of organic phosphorus in lake sediment.Biogeochemistry, 82(1):15-28,
Ruban V, Brigault S, Demare D et al.1999.An investigation of the origin and mobility of phosphorus in freshwater sediments from Bort-Les-Orgues Reservoir, France.Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 1(4):403-407,
Schauser I, Chorus I, Lewandowski J.2006.Effects of nitrate on phosphorus release:comparison of two Berlin lakes.Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica, 34(4):325-332,
Scheffer M, van Nes E H.2007.Shallow lakes theory revisited:various alternative regimes driven by climate, nutrients, depth and lake size.Hydrobiologia, 584(1):455-466.
Shi L, Xia P H, Lin T et al.2022.Temporal succession of bacterial community structure, co-occurrence patterns, and community assembly process in epiphytic biofilms of submerged plants in a plateau lake.Microbial Ecology,
Søndergaard M, Johansson L S, Lauridsen T L et al.2010.Submerged macrophytes as indicators of the ecological quality of lakes.Freshwater Biology, 55(4):893-908,
State Environmental Protection Administration.2002.Water and Exhausted Water Monitoring Analysis Method.4th edn.China Environmental Science Press, Beijing.839p.(in Chinese)
Statham P J, Jacobson Y, van den Berg C M G.2012.The measurement of organically complexed FeII in natural waters using competitive ligand reverse titration.Analytica Chimica Acta, 743:111-116,
Su H J, Wang R, Feng Y H et al.2021.Long-term empirical evidence, early warning signals and multiple drivers of regime shifts in a lake ecosystem.Journal of Ecology, 109(9):3182-3194,
Su Y P, Zhang C W, Liu J X et al.2016.Assessing the impacts of phosphorus inactive clay on phosphorus release control and phytoplankton community structure in eutrophic lakes.Environmental Pollution, 219:620-630,
Tammeorg O, Nürnberg G K, Tõnno I et al.2022.Sediment phosphorus mobility in Võrtsjärv, a large shallow lake:Insights from phosphorus sorption experiments and long-term monitoring.Science of the Total Environment, 829:154572,
Vaalgamaa S.2004.The effect of urbanisation on Laajalahti Bay, Helsinki City, as reflected by sediment geochemistry.Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48(7-8):650-662,
Vadeboncoeur Y, Lodge D M, Carpenter S R.2001.Whole-lake fertilization effects on distribution of primary production between benthic and pelagic habitats.Ecology, 82(4):1065-1077, 082[1065:WLFEOD]2.0.CO;2.
Wan J, Yuan X Y, Han L et al.2020.Characteristics and distribution of organic phosphorus fractions in the surface sediments of the inflow rivers around Hongze Lake, China.International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(2):648,
Wang C, Fan X L, Wang P F et al.2016.Flow characteristics of the wind-driven current with submerged and emergent flexible vegetations in shallow lakes.Journal of Hydrodynamics, 28(5):746-756,
Wang L Q, Liang T.2016.Distribution patterns and dynamics of phosphorus forms in the overlying water and sediment of Dongting Lake.Journal of Great Lakes Research, 42(3):565-570,
Wu J X, Yang H Q, Yu W et al.2022.Effect of ecosystem degradation on the source of particulate organic matter in a Karst Lake:a case study of the Caohai Lake, China.Water, 14(12):1867,
Wu T F, Qin B Q, Brookes J D et al.2019.Spatial distribution of sediment nitrogen and phosphorus in Lake Taihu from a hydrodynamics-induced transport perspective.Science of the Total Environment, 650:1554-1565,
Wu Y H, Wen Y J, Zhou J X et al.2014.Phosphorus release from lake sediments:effects of pH, temperature and dissolved oxygen.KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 18(1):323-329,
Xie L Q, Xie P, Tang H J.2003.Enhancement of dissolved phosphorus release from sediment to lake water by Microcystis blooms-an enclosure experiment in a hyper-eutrophic, subtropical Chinese lake.Environmental Pollution, 122(3):391-399,
Xu M J, Yu L, Zhao Y W et al.2012.The simulation of shallow reservoir eutrophication based on MIKE21:a case study of douhe reservoir in North China.Procedia Environmental Sciences, 13:1975-1988,
Yang C H, Yang P, Geng J et al.2020.Sediment internal nutrient loading in the most polluted area of a shallow eutrophic lake (Lake Chaohu, China) and its contribution to lake eutrophication.Environmental Pollution, 262:114292,
Yang W Q, Xiao H, Li Y et al.2018.Vertical distribution and release characteristics of phosphorus forms in the sediments from the river inflow area of Dianchi Lake, China.Chemical Speciation & Bioavailability, 30(1):14-22,
Yu H J, Xu S G, Tian W et al.2019.Impact of long-term water level fluctuation on the distribution, transport, and fate of phosphorus in reservoir sediment.Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26(32):33146-33156,
Yu J L, Xia M L, Kong M et al.2020.A small omnivorous bitterling fish (Acheilognathus macropterus) facilitates dominance of cyanobacteria, rotifers and Limnodrilus in an outdoor mesocosm experiment.Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27(19):23862-23870,
Yu W, Yang H Q, Chen J A et al.2022.Organic phosphorus mineralization dominates the release of internal phosphorus in a macrophyte-dominated eutrophication lake.Frontiers in Environmental Science, 9:812834,
Yuan H Z, Wang H X, Zhou Y W et al.2021.Water-level fluctuations regulate the availability and diffusion kinetics process of phosphorus at lake water-sediment interface.Water Research, 200:117258,
Zhang W Q, Zhu X L, Jin X et al.2017.Evidence for organic phosphorus activation and transformation at the sediment-water interface during plant debris decomposition.Science of the Total Environment, 583:458-465,
Zhang X F, Liu Z W, Jeppesen E et al.2016a.Effects of benthic-feeding common carp and filter-feeding silver carp on benthic-pelagic coupling:implications for shallow lake management.Ecological Engineering, 88:256-264,
Zhang Y, He F, Liu Z S et al.2016b.Release characteristics of sediment phosphorus in all fractions of West Lake, Hang Zhou, China.Ecological Engineering, 95:645-651,
Zhao H C, Zhao H X, Wang S R et al.2020.Coupling characteristics and environmental significance of nitrogen, phosphorus and organic carbon in the sediments of Erhai Lake.Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27(16):19901-19914,
Zhao S N, Shi X H, Sun B et al.2022.Effects of pH on phosphorus form transformation in lake sediments.Water Supply, 22(2):1231-1243,
Zhu G W, Qin B Q, Gao G et al.2004.Fractionation of phosphorus in sediments and its relation with soluble phosphorus contents in shallow lakes located in the middle and lower reaches of Changjiang River ‚ China.Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 24(3):381-388, Chinese with English abstract)
Zhu Y R, Wu F C, He Z Q et al.2013.Characterization of organic phosphorus in lake sediments by sequential fractionation and enzymatic hydrolysis.Environmental Science & Technology, 47(14):7679-7687,
Zhuang W, Gao X L, Zhang Y et al.2014.Geochemical characteristics of phosphorus in surface sediments of two major Chinese mariculture areas:the Laizhou Bay and the coastal waters of the Zhangzi Island.Marine Pollution Bulletin, 83(1):343-351,
Zong J M, Wang X X, Zhong Q Y et al.2019.Increasing outbreak of cyanobacterial blooms in large lakes and reservoirs under pressures from climate change and anthropogenic interferences in the middle-lower Yangtze River basin.Remote Sensing, 11(15):1754,
Copyright © Haiyang Xuebao